Monday, December 28, 2009
Monday, December 21, 2009
We take this opinion piece published in Le Monde on the government bill of Greater Paris. It is signed Daniel Behar (Planning Institute of Paris, Master Planning, mention territorial strategies and public policies) and Philippe Estèbe (Sciences Po Paris Master spatial strategies and urban).
"The discussion of the draft law on the Greater Paris tends to undermine its drawdown on a transport scheme, to weigh the respective virtues of an air route or underground or blame his lack of overall vision for the Ile-de-France. That is not the question in a "decentralized Republic", it is not the legitimacy of the state to define that vision. However, it costs much to formulate a development strategy for the capital region, that is to say, defining the conditions for its optimal contribution to the performance of France in the context of globalization.
In this regard, this project proposes as previously implied a break doctrinal entirely justified with one of the founding tenets of the "Planning to French ", the current rebalancing between Paris and the provinces. With the renewed attractiveness of large cities and rural fabric, this posture is no longer appropriate. But how then assert the role of the first French city in the world? To meet this challenge, the bill makes a strategic hypothesis: globalization is a scale unprecedented in international competition, to be answered by "adding" competitive factors in the metropolis, or "next" (the proposal attractive to the extension of Paris to Le Havre) or "above", and that the additional layer of the clusters, research and innovation, Defense Saclay through Le Bourget, served by the famous "coaster." This assumption is quite questionable.
It is initially unclear whether the issue of opening the world in the twenty-first century is played in terms of maritime trade merchants. And can we enact and the break with a long history of continually more continental and sea? But most of globalization is not a level more on the outside, but a process that produces a new figure of the city - the metropolis after the town - where the network links disrupt the continuity of play and generate multiple contradictions between the global and the local. In other words, globalization is not a challenge from without, but from within the metropolis.
In economic terms, to reach its height is not to say a few clusters, hoping to effect locomotive is not guaranteed. Rather, the entire metropolitan area should be bet. Business and finance are not the exclusive center of Defence but the attribute of the West of Paris. Scientific excellence is not played on Saclay but the scale of a Southern Cone of innovation between the Montagne Sainte-Genevieve, Evry and Saclay. Tourism and culture - beyond the power of Paris proper - now extend to the north and east on registers as more contemporary heritage. Finally and most importantly, the performance of these activities depend on the excellence of their closeness to the mother ordinary relationships, the logistics, construction and services.
In social terms, the challenge is not to minimize the risk of riots Social and undermining the international image of Paris, through a "detour" the great eight by Clichy-Montfermeil but to develop a decidedly metropolitan cosmopolitanism. In Paris, as in other world cities, metropolisation accompanied by the development of international migration. Also considered a key resource in the metropolitan appeal, this issue is totally ignored in the project of Greater Paris. Are equally hidden creative potential induced by this new cosmopolitanism that new figures of poverty it engenders.
In initiating the project of Greater Paris, the state has seen the challenge for France is that the question mainland. But as a transfer of revenue from 1960 to the time of the Paris area, kept up to date by geography dilated (automatic successor to the subway RER and clusters to new towns), its response is not height. Is to "make metropolis" that would collectively focus. "
Daniel Behar is an associate professor at the Urban Institute of Paris and Philippe Estebe is an associate professor at Sciences Po Paris. Both are consultants to the cooperative Acadia.
Tuesday, December 1, 2009
... where you can find the only alternative position to the scenario-Dallier Balladur reform on corporate governance from the heart of the Île-de-France, some data Financial and taxation constituted with Dexia and a reference to the study conducted by IAURIF on the theme of urban policy. Get the file to the following address: > http://www.intercommunalites.com/2-133-Fiche-actualite.php?num=184
Sunday, November 15, 2009
Saturday, September 5, 2009
After holding two ministerial meetings, the government's intentions become clearer about the "Greater Paris". Preliminary studies on infrastructure transport of Greater Paris will be launched soon. At first, Bill, prepared by Christian Blanc, Secretary of State for Development of the Capital Region, will be forwarded to local authorities for consultation "at during the month of September, before its adoption by the Council of Ministers ", Matignon announced, following an interministerial meeting on 27 August.
According Monitor " Christian Blanc launch without waiting for the preliminary studies on the pattern of transport, for a public debate in early 2010 . These studies will be undertaken based on the expertise of the RATP, who was appointed to office in the draft law as "infrastructure manager". terms of "governance", broadly Bill would be adopted, including the creation of a public institution responsible for project management of major transport infrastructure. This will also public institutions that provide project management of large areas within the perimeter of the future bypass tube. Is the magnitude of this area, initially set at 1500 m, which aroused the most concern in the communities concerned.
Two specific contractual arrangements with local communities are considered : "contracts of urban development" and "strategic territorial projects" on the whole territory of the region Ile-de-France (including the future establishment of public Saclay, called "Paris-Saclay). Article 18 of the bill specifies that these urban development contracts "may be concluded between the state on one hand and institutions Public intercommunal cooperation with responsibility for economic development and housing or planning or municipalities " .
In addition, procedures for exceptions to planning rules are being considered around stations. The state could even reserve land control. Financing side, the first tracks for transport should be known after the submission of the final member of the Val-de-Marne Gilles Carrez, scheduled for September. The Prime Minister said " the interest of approach overall cost (investment and operation) and a scheduled completion at a steady pace "schema's transportation future Grand Paris.
Many voices, including the presidents of the General Council of Val de Marne and Essonne is are already hearing to challenge the philosophy of this bill which would have amounted, according to them, a takeover by radical state of affairs of the Ile de France: " A flashback unacceptable and a danger to local democracy " and " real demolition company's land rights and the rights and guarantees inhabitants of the territories concerned " said in a statement Press Christian Favier, President of the General Council of Val de Marne. Even as Region and STIF has already committed more than $ 25 million worth of funding school for metro project in bypass Arc Express , that some local franciliennes studying for over a year the feasibility of urban integration of future sections of the bypass, the formation of a "Society of Greater Paris" (a public industrial and commercial whose majority shareholder is the state) to make the transportation system is regarded as a true "Trojan horse" by some elected officials.
Source: ADCF Direct, No. 519, September 4, 2009
Friday, May 29, 2009
town planner Marc Wiel delivers a critical analysis of bias "strategic" the 10 international teams mandated by the Elysee to think the Grand Paris 2030.
While welcoming the intellectual intensity generated by the process, his analysis clearly demonstrates that the only challenge to the urban zoning regulations is not sufficient to absorb the social and functional specialization and territorial segregation Urban underlying it. Facilitated mobility, privileged under the transport plan, is equally responsible. In these circumstances, the deregulation of urban planning code, recommendation echoed by Nicolas Sarkozy, remains a fantasy of architect.
Conversely, according to Marc Wiel, "it becomes necessary to develop tax systems of mobility and locations that play a regulatory role in order to fight against excessive concentration of business and social segregation Habitat. " But "the failure of the institutional system to pool resources to harmonize financial management policies and displacement "feeds the mechanisms of land segregation. Hence the urgent need to reform the governance of metropolitan Paris. A question yet deliberately referred to "indefinitely" by Nicolas Sarkozy.
> Read Marc Wiel
Thursday, May 21, 2009
Simplistic a shortcut that has not escaped the Senator Philippe Dallier, known for his positions "maverick" on the Greater Paris: "When I heard that it was sufficient to deregulate urban planning law to build 70,000 homes a year in the Ile-de-France, I wanted to m'esclaffer. Until we have a local Habitat of Greater Paris, we will not succeed " , reportedly said Philippe Dallier, who knows his subject well enough to have signed several report on housing policy (the latest was for the implementation of DALO) and another (highly acclaimed) on "the institutional future of the Paris area" .
On the deregulation of urban
In full parliamentary debate on the Grenelle Environment Forum which recasts considerable urban planning code, this control policy leaves puzzled over a planner! On
These remarks, reported by The Gazette , undoubtedly express the disappointment of the Senator and Mayor of Flags-sous-Bois relegated to see the Head of State the issue of governance of the city (at least) after 2012 ( "Our successors will do that ..." the president said of the Republic). Philippe Dallier argues effect for over a year to overhaul the governance of the heart of the city. But institutional solutions he proposes are not found support among elected Ile (see the proposal, rather close to his, the Balladur report on the Greater Paris).
Monday, May 18, 2009
Recently (March 30), the ADCF invited elected officials and community leaders at the Paris Senate to discuss the prospects of territorial restructuring in metropolitan Paris and share perspectives on developments financial and institutional communities of Ile-de-France.
for a position, after the debate, was adopted by the Board of Directors ADCF May 14, 2009. It formalizes concrete ways of improving the governance of the "heart of the metropolis."
Sunday, March 15, 2009
had the pleasure of hearing at the debate we Organized June 12, 2008 at CNAM : economist Frederic Gilli, Deputy Director of the Chair of Sciences Po and City editor of the prestigious Land Tenure Review , has partnered with urban planner and political scientist Jean-Marc Offner (Latts director from 2000 to 2008 and next director of the agency's planning Bordeaux) to sign an outstanding contribution to the Greater Paris . Urba + highly recommend reading their book, Paris, the metropolis outside the walls . Develop and govern a Greater Paris , published earlier this year at Sciences Po Press Very well researched and robust (in 6 chapters consistent), this book discusses the genesis of this major political issue (re) set the agenda in 2007 by the President of the Republic. A very detailed analysis is proposed to us on major metropolitan (urban planning, mobility, housing, economic development) and a decryption system healthy players Ile (relations between the state and communities, X-ray structures of trade union cooperation intercommunal, repositories of public action, etc..). At a time when stirs political debate (Balladur proposals), this contribution is timely.
Read the review of the planner Xavier Desjardins "Paris, a time away from land maneuvers, the Ile delay in structuring inter-becomes a central object of" land reform ", since become major figure in the complexity of urban governance. Jean-Marc Offner and Frederic Gilli, in the first part of their work, patiently unravel the origins and institutional difficulties in the activities of the different actors, distinguish artificial postures and cyclical real political opposition and institutional ". Read reading record Xavier Desjardins on nonfiction.fr
Paris, a city outside the walls. Develop and govern a Greater Paris, and Jean Frederic Gilli Mark Offner, Presses de Sciences Po, New Collection debates, January 2009 [ISBN: 272461092X]
Saturday, March 14, 2009
Saturday, March 7, 2009
Wednesday, March 4, 2009
rating Balladur committee on the Ile de France
can also read the views of Peter Mansat, Deputy Mayor of Paris in Paris metropolis, the debate that the association had organized Urba + 12 June 2008 in a crisis on the adoption of the draft SDRIF (the conflict between the government and the region is also not set). During the debate Mansat Peter had then pleaded for "a federation of local governments" : a project diametrically opposed to the community supra-local report Balladur.
The perspective on the debate Mansat Pierre Le Grand Paris Town Planners:
Since the Elysee gets involved, the "Greater Paris" became fashionable. And many people who meddle in the discussion in bad faith or, perhaps worse, in complete ignorance. What has not been the case, Thursday, June 12, during a meeting held at the Conservatoire National des Arts et Metiers (CNAM) by the network of the Urban Institute of Paris (IUP), called Urba + (see program: http://www.pierremansat.com/article-20254874.html). That day, planners, actors the political and economic world have given their views of the place they were talking about. It was further discussion of coffee trade and Machiavellian tactics.
Unsurprisingly, there was much talk of social inequalities and lines of fragility of the territory, which led Gilles RABIN to wonder if "the Paris region was a large body sick! "
On the housing issue, Jean-Claude DRIANT, a professor at IUP, said that the shortage of supply is as much related to the insufficient number of buildings (on this criterion, the Ile-de-France is above -last in France, just before the Picardy!) but also, the "crisis of selective mobility. In other words, the gap grows between the owners and tenants can move to have the choice - because of the retirement housing - but to stay where they are or move away from urban centers, or leave the area. The turnover rate in social housing has risen from 10% in 1998 to 6% currently. As recalled by Jean-Luc VIDON, director of AORIF (Social Union Habitat Ile-de-France), half of the social heritage of the region is concentrated in 10% of the territory and gap is still increasing! The queues get longer, the poor housing develops. For policymakers, the challenge is twofold: to build, to thin the mobility and balance the territories, but also produce the types of housing to meet the needs of people, not to mention sustainable development concerns. To achieve this goal, some said he needed a leader, as exists elsewhere in France. In employment
, G. Rabin asked Francis BALLET, Scientific Secretary General of Sanofi-Aventis R & D (Val-de-Marne) that he "expected of a Greater Paris possible, desired, wanted? "The representative of the pharmaceutical company, the case is heard. The Paris region is "attractive" because it offers profiles of expertise, public research, a network of public hospitals and subcontracting necessary. But the fragmentation of power is too great. And give the example of Greater Lyon, where the leadership is clear. In other words, despite the high quality of the brains of the Paris public service, in the absence of leadership, the transfer of activities of the firm in other lands is a plausible option.
The issue of governance of Greater Paris, could not wait, unlike the radical statement - "These are territories that choose their leader!" - launched in the introduction to the evening with the architect and urban planner, professor at the CNAM, Michel Cantal-DUPART, which, together with Jean Nouvel, will coordinate one of the ten winning teams of the international consultation launched by the Elysee Palace to design the future development of the "Greater Paris". (Http://www.pierremansat.com/article-20182066.html?)
Volatility companies, geographical expansion, the housing wall, a state that wants to regain control, saying that policy makers public? Mireille Ferri, Vice-President of the Regional Council of Ile-de-France (Les Verts) responsible for planning the territory, responded by praising the collective intelligence, as it has been implemented in the draft Master Plan for the Ile-de-France (SDRIF) (this scheme is designed to meet current and future population in terms of housing, transport, environment and employment). The government, decrying the SDRIF and by playing against the project's future Grand Paris, was disowned by the results of the public inquiry in late 2007, the largest ever made (it hit 11 million Parisians): the SDRIF received a "unanimous approval, together with four reserves primarily techniques, the public inquiry, Wednesday, June 11 This collective intelligence, Mr. Ferri has to think of the areas of cooperation, institutional and non-scene with actors from different levels and where flexible forms of management would address conflicts of use and scale. In this context, Paris must be seen as the central location of a vast territorial organization, which can work in regional interdependence, on topics such as, for example, river navigation.
Philippe DALLIER, Senator UMP Seine-Saint-Denis, Mayor Les Chalets-sous-Bois, member of the Observatory of decentralization of the Senate He stated emphatically that the proposed governance is fundamental. He reiterated his vision of governance at three levels: the commune, and the Greater Paris region, while calling for sharing of wealth. A fundamental point that neither Nicolas Sarkozy, nor does raise Christian Blanc ...
In accordance with various stakeholders, I have re-affirmed my belief in the inadequacy of government institutions by pre-existing metropolitan areas, which do not correspond to a modern vision of the city, where everybody sticks to his backyard. Inequalities in the region are unsustainable and resources such benefits should be shared. "I do not think the debate has to be at this stage on issues of scope, or even new institutions, even if the question is asked at one time or another," I said. "I think we're at a time when we must think in terms of nesting. The region may be the right size [metropolitan area], but we need to address the issue not addressed: the heart of the metropolis. "
Paris has set the terms of the debate in 2001 and established a provisional stage of consultation, the Metropolitan Conference, a place, political arena where politicians can talk, make common diagnoses and gives place to the mayors - who are at the heart of the democratic system. So what governance? Interlocking devices, a federation of local governments? And why not a UFO institutional? A variable geometry. Greater Paris.
Debate on the Greater Paris choked several times in history. This does not happen again, at the risk of "territories sink so silent" (Ferri) and ever more repressive urban management. This is a concept of solidarity and active city, where we do not give as horizon attractiveness, the international position and competitiveness of the neoliberal creed. In this debate, citizens must have their place.
Mansat Pierre, Deputy Mayor of Paris, in charge of relations with local authorities Ile-de-France and Paris Metropolis Project
Watch videos of his speech:
Saturday, January 31, 2009
Marc Wiel, planner, wrote an article in the January issue of the journal Urbanism (No. 364) is devoted to the proposed underground ring road around Paris. We will have the opportunity to speak on this issue shortly. Without doubt, in this regard that the transportation project to be unveiled by Christian Blanc, Secretary of State for Development of the Capital Region will not fail to elicit reactions in professional urban planning.
"The debates around the draft Orbital Arc Express Métrophérique Ile-de-France under the master plan or that the consultation on the Greater Paris to illustrate the urban environment that reflection is not released in France from space, "its morphological tropism of magical thinking that inspires the inventors of places. It always works.
In his book
Greater Paris. forms and scales of Greater Paris Philippe Panerai has This approach reflects the usual skill in the art. The suburb is under-equipped centralities, just the mesh network to grow as centers of the nodes of each mesh. Here is the great unifying project which will leave the outskirts of his subordinate position. And we do not we put a streetcar commuters are also entitled to the speed. Speed, the word is out. There is good speed, that of transport and poor, the urban motorways. Well no! There is neither good nor bad speed: speed, whatever its terms, has advantages and disadvantages. Some of these disadvantages may be more or less thwarted by other policies that urban mobility. Speed is the competition between jurisdictions and it has advantages and disadvantages. If you want a territory with all of local services sufficient, socially mixed, with the opportunity for everyone to choose his method of habitat at a reasonable price, and finally allow the economic efficiency of urban systems, we must proportion the speed and the cost of travel differently depending on its nature. A master planning must set the framework for competition in the competition for space with the desire to comply much more or less contradictory. It is primarily a document which coordinates public policy before giving priority to specific projects.
Inadequate quality of service in transport of the first ring will require investment, for sure. Speed is less a question of material passing or not underground space between stations. We need a rate sufficient to give access to enough job, without pretending to give it to all jobs, so we do not guarantee a certain equality in the possibility of moving. This is the binder no spatial pattern alone will never guarantee in itself, and that will make the planner is left of the dealer drawing a perpetual illusion. In contrast, light rail may be useful to enable dissemination of metropolitan functions, which otherwise will always interest to concentrate, social imbalance which the whole organization of the metropolitan territory as is the case now. Hopefully one day specialists from different disciplines learn from urban planning to speak to them. In any case, the current controversies provide opportunities. "