While Debate on the Greater Paris becomes increasingly dense (if not difficult), 3 contributions remind describing the problem of territorial organization of the urban area of Paris. All three dated April 2008, they have the merit of clarity and are strong diagnoses are useful to guide the various actors on the slopes of reform options. Starting with members of the "Balladur committee" tasked by President Sarkozy on the floor (long awaited) "land reform". For now, the assumption of a bill specifically dedicated to the Ile-de-France would hold the rope ... Pending the submission of entries of former prime minister - and not forgetting the project of Christian white man who expected to be announced at the same time or structuring of joint association studies "Greater Paris" - you can always meditate these three contributions have the merit of drawing up an inventory of the current geopolitical situation, to "governance constant" one might say. Summing up, we return to an article by David Le Bras and Philippe Schmit, respectively responsible for urban policy and regional action in the Assembly of Communities of France (ADCF) published in intercommunalities, No. 122, April 2008, page 4 .
Intercommunality Greater Paris region and Paris under the spotlight
A widely discussed: it is the least we can say about intercommunal francilienne. The report "Scenarios for the metropolitan Paris - Ile de France tomorrow," from the regional council of Ile-de-France, CESR's own initiative, titled The contribution of intermunicipal regional action in through the Greater Paris, a real project for a major challenge presented by Senator Philip Dallier on behalf of the Observatory of decentralization, it is clear that the question of inter-organization of the Paris region feeds the political post-municipal.
the regional council
The work of the Regional Council of Ile-de-France is the result of a commission established October 25, 2007 and presided by Jean- Paul Planchou. The objective of these regional advisers was to examine possible changes in organizational or institutional Greater Paris region, and particularly his heart. In this regard, city officials are proposing to engage, now, a triple movement based, first, to the heart of town, on the structuring of the cooperation between local authorities to give the dense zone means its institutional structure and to cultivate a shared project ambitious. Then, for the city and the region as a whole, it is to implement the necessary reforms to make them more attractive, better quality of life and optimum efficiency of public policies on a metropolitan scale. For all communities, and they claim the need to modernize financial conditions and fiscal essential to achieving this new momentum.
"There are too many pilots in the aircraft and the institutional layer cake is incomprehensible and inappropriate in dire need of cohesion and solidarity of the heart Île-de-France "claims, meanwhile, Philippe Dallier, Senator from Seine-Saint-Denis, in his report. Indeed, many scenarios under discussion today, the elected Ile retains only one. It proposes to construct a Greater Paris, which would replace the four existing departments of the inner suburbs. The idea of a new intermunicipal, whether union or community, is totally rejected. The community model, he says, many virtues, but is not a solution to the specifics of the first ring. He therefore proposed a three-tier architecture for the heart of the city: a region, Greater Paris, communes. From 2010, a law could make the merger of the departments of Paris, Hauts-de-Seine, Seine-Saint-Denis and Val-de-Marne "who have never been levels of proximity. " The current councilors would have to manage 5.5 billion consolidated budget and to exercise the powers of the departments in this new area of solidarity. In 2011, new legislation would create the "Greater Paris" status sui generis. Its powers are limited to transportation, housing, economic and social development, and security. Other jurisdictions, county today, would be shared between the region (large infrastructure, schools) and communities that are large enough (which differentiates them from the rest of the region and other regions) to provide local services and direct relationship with the beneficiaries of the RMI or the APA ... The community would have a budget and own resources (those collected today by departments). The president of Greater Paris is elected by direct universal suffrage. This scenario, which aims "to remove all departmental boundaries within a radius of cohesion, the equalization of solidarity", is accompanied by disappearance of communities of agglomeration of the first ring, whose perimeter is considered little relevant to the issues.
Although lucid on the imperfections of the Paris boundaries of some communities, the Regional Economic and Social Council (CESR), through its president, Jean- Claude Boucherat, recommends the completion of the regional coverage by intermunicipal, local contact necessary for the Regional Council. On the basis of policies enhanced contractual and subject, inter alia, a precise clarification of respective responsibilities, the implementation is SDRIF presented as an opportunity to enter to give additional significance to local projects. He suggested that regional policies are systematically declined across communes. The rapporteur's report noted at the press conference that "intercommunal movement in Île-de-France is still young and it is certainly perfectible but can not be questioned without the mobilization is to give strong meaning. "